PFAS: Important Information About Drinking Water

What are "PFAS"?

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are an emerging group of common and widespread compounds that can be found in numerous types of everyday products treated to make them non-stick. Most notably, these include food packaging, carpets, leather and apparel, textiles, paper and packaging materials, and non-stick cookware. PFAS has spread throughout the environment and has been found in both soil and water. 

  • Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) is the most common of these PFAS compounds has been detected in drinking water sources. 
  • In 2021 the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) enacted a limit for PFOA in 2021 of 14 parts per trillion (ppt), significantly lower than the previous limit of 40 ppt, and the most stringent limit in the country. They have enacted limits for other PFAS compounds as well. The EPA and many other states do not currently have a limit for PFOA. 
  • The Township has detected PFOA over the NJDEP limit in some wells and is in currently violation at one well. A public notice regarding this violation was mailed to all customers. Further violations are anticipated.
  • The Township is committed to designing and constructing treatment at the affected well facilities as quickly as possible. We are working with NJDEP and retained the services of Mott MacDonald, our professional engineer, in this effort. In the meantime, the Township cannot meet the system demands without running some of the impacted wells. 
  • Click the links below (under Additional Resources & Information) for more information from the NJDEP, EPA, and New Jersey Department of Health regarding exposure to PFOA and other PFAS compounds. 

Additional Resources & Information

View all drinking water quality data collected by the Livingston Township Division of Water:

NJ Department of Environmental Protection:

US Environmental Protection Agency:

Environmental Working Group: