Every 10 years, the U.S. conducts a complete census, counting all individuals of all ages located in all areas of the country.
In 2020, the U.S. census will, for the first time ever, offer options to respond online, by phone, or on a paper form, as was the case with previous census.
The census does more than just count people.
The results of the 2020 census will determine the number of House of Representative seats each state has and, in turn, the number of delegates for each state in the Electoral College. Once determined, these numbers will remain in effect for elections from 2022 through 2030.
Census results also help determine where federal programs will direct their funding for roads, hospitals, emergency services, schools and more.